Scope of AI in Arab Countries
By: Alana Rehman / Arab America Contributing Writer
What is Artificial Intelligence(AI)?
Artificial Intelligence(AI) is the process of simulating human intelligence by means of machines, particularly computer systems. AI enables robots’ inherent intellect to operate and react like people, taking logical behaviors with the highest success percentage for a particular task.
We use AI applications on a daily basis, for example, web search engines such as Google, recommendation systems (used by YouTube, Amazon, and Netflix), understanding human speech (such as Siri and Alexa), self-driving cars (e.gWaymo and Tesla), generative or creative tools (ChatGPT and AI art), automated decision-making, and competing at the highest level in strategic game systems (such as chess and Go).
AI growth contributions to Society and Economy:
Artificial intelligence has a long history of alternating enthusiasm and disillusionment for the field’s scientific discoveries, technological achievements, and social implications. A wide range of AI research-developed strategies can be seen in a review of both the past and the present state of the art. A number of AI systems, in particular, have been able to perform at superhuman levels thanks to modern machine learning techniques. We are using AI in every field, like computers, so if we think about what computers and other electronics are, we would definitely categorize them under the definition of AI. So if we look at the impacts of AI on Society, Artificial intelligence has the potential to significantly increase workplace efficiency and supplement the jobs that people can undertake. As AI takes over monotonous or risky duties, it frees up human labor to focus on tasks that need creativity and empathy, among other things. People’s happiness and job satisfaction may grow if they do work that they enjoy.
With the arrival of autonomous transportation and AI affecting our traffic congestion concerns, our society will gain countless hours of productivity, not to mention the various ways it will boost on-the-job productivity. Humans will be able to spend their time in a number of various ways once they are free of unpleasant commutes.
Artificial intelligence will improve our ability to detect and solve illegal activities. Face recognition technology is becoming as prevalent as fingerprint recognition. The application of AI in the legal system also gives several chances to find out how to use the technology successfully without invading an individual’s privacy.
Unless you opt to live remotely and never engage with the contemporary world, artificial intelligence will have a substantial influence on your life. While there will be numerous learning experiences and obstacles as the technology is used in new applications, it is expected that artificial intelligence will have a more beneficial than bad influence on society.
Current use of AI in Arab Countries:
Arab countries are using AI in the following sectors:
- Education Sector: Institutions in the UAE utilize AI and machine learning to forecast students who are likely to drop out, the employability of graduates, and so on.
- Banks and financial institutions employ AI technology for fraud detection, better customer service and management, and risk assessments.
- Government: The public sector integrates data and artificial intelligence to build a better and more efficient public sector.
- Healthcare: Incorporate data and artificial intelligence into the healthcare industry to improve access, improve preventative treatment, and meet rising demand.
- Traffic and Safety: Integrate data and artificial intelligence (AI) into mobility to create a regional center by developing innovative city mobility technologies and improving traffic safety in cities.
Future of AI in Arab Countries:
Under the 2030 Vision of the Realm of Saudi Arabia (KSA), the essential system created in 2016, Man-made consciousness (man-made intelligence) turned into a vital subject to be created and coordinated in the new super city Neom. A set of economic and social policies aimed at removing Saudi Arabia’s dependence on oil exports is the Vision 2030 reform plan.
Concerning the Saudi Information and Computer-based Intelligence Authority, they, as of late, sent off the SDAIA Foundation, which up to this point, offers several projects that mean to develop further both specialized ranges of abilities and more broad mindfulness in the field of man-made consciousness.
Silicon Valley in Saudi Arabia and Dubai caused openAI sensation when ChatGPT released, a computerized reasoning-controlled chatbot instrument equipped for planning point-by-point, human-like responses on an apparently boundless scope of themes. In hindsight, that was only the beginning.
Using ChatGPT – GPT stands for Generative Pre-Trained Transformers, demonstrating the program’s ability to explain complicated scientific topics, write plays and poetry, compose university dissertations, and even write functioning lines of computer code.
In October 2020, Saudi Arabia unveiled its National Plan for Data and Artificial Intelligence, with the goal of making the Kingdom a global leader in the sector while attracting $20 billion in international and domestic investment by 2030.
PwC predicts that by the end of the decade, the Arab world will receive 2% of the global benefits of AI, or $320 billion and that AI will contribute more than $135.2 billion to the Saudi economy.
Saudi Arabia is planning to harvest data from the Web, ChatGPT will help check the exams, and some companies are marking the programs as they are claiming to catch a text written by AI to help prevent cheating.
AI development has become a worldwide discipline, bringing together multidisciplinary strands to create gadgets that can operate freely in complicated and changing situations. For more than 70 years, the goal of AI development has been to improve computer capabilities in four broad areas: natural language processing (NLP), knowledge representation (KR), automated reasoning (AR), and machine learning (ML).
AI is becoming a multisectoral revolutionary device all over the world. Artificial intelligence is considered the future engine of state change in Gulf countries such as Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. A future that cannot be communicated by the use of hydrocarbon energizers. Nevertheless, beyond a reliance on energy resources, AI technologies provide the door to authoritarian survival and regime survival.
The Arab World’s most remarkable investments in AI have come from governments aiming to diversify their portfolios and leverage investments to support their national AI ambitions. The Saudi Public Investment Fund (PIF) and the Saudi Corporation for Artificial Intelligence recently announced a $776 million joint venture with China SenseTime to create the Kingdom’s AI ecosystem. Similarly, via cooperation between the emirate’s royal-backed artificial intelligence startup G42 and the Abu Dhabi Growth Fund, Abu Dhabi announced a $10 billion fund to invest in late-stage companies across different disruptive areas, including AI.
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