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Coronavirus: Arab-American Medics on the Front Line of Battle in the US

posted on: Apr 10, 2020

Coronavirus: Arab-American Medics on the Front Line of Battle in the US



With the Covid-19 outbreak in the United States affecting many areas with large Arab-American populations, medical professionals from the community have found themselves at the forefront of the battle to treat the overwhelming numbers of people affected.

States such as Michigan, New York, Florida and California that have been hit hardest by the rapid spread of the respiratory disease are also home to most of the nearly 3.5 million Arab Americans in the US. Even the man at the centre of the presidential task force to address the crisis, Secretary for Human and Health Services Alex Azar, is of Lebanese descent.

The impact of the pandemic on the US, with more than 430,000 cases and nearly 15,000 deaths so far, is familiar to some Arab-American medics who have worked in man-made disasters such the Syrian civil war.

Zaher Sahloul, a critical care doctor at Christ Advocate Medical Centre in Chicago and president of MedGlobal, a group helping refugees, says the situation at his hospital is closer to a “war zone”, with the system getting overwhelmed by the number of patients while facing a shortage of resources.

Dr Sahloul, who is of Syrian descent, has led medical aid missions to Syria for the past nine years to help civilians affected by the fierce fighting that also destroyed many medical facilities.

Now back in Chicago, he says the medical instinct to help in the face of an unravelling health system is similar, although the deprivation was much higher in Syria. “No matter what we do, some of the patients will die. It is painful but life prepares you for disasters,” Dr Sahloul told The National.

A woman carrying a child walks past people waiting to be tested for Covid-19 outside Roseland Community Hospital in Chicago, Illinois, on April 7, 2020. Reuters

“My hospital here in Chicago has more ventilators than the whole of the Gaza Strip and Syria combined” but at the same time it was reaching full capacity and having to move Covid-19 patients to different wards, while doctors were forced to use the same mask for days, he said.

The state of Illinois has over 15,000 cases and more than 400 have died because of the coronavirus. The state is home to more than 111,000 Arab-Americans, according to the Arab American Institute (AAI).

Dr Salhoul sees the pandemic creating empathy with Syrian healthcare workers for what they have gone through, sometimes sacrificing their own lives while trying to save others.

In Michigan state, home to a quarter of a million Arab Americans, even medical professionals not normally involved in treatment are trying to help the system cope with the more than 20,000 Covid-19 cases detected as of Wednesday, of whom nearly 1,000 have died.

One of them is Dealla Fakhouri, a nurse in the clinical research division at Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit who transferred to the intensive care unit in late March. “I wanted to go where I can help,” said Ms Fakhouri, who is of Jordanian descent.

She described a harrowing situation that “nobody can ever be completely prepared for”, with the majority of the patients under her care on respirators, hooked up to tubes and monitors, and their families bracing for the worst.

“It’s very overwhelming but also empowering to be on front lines to help these patients,” Ms Fakhouri told The National from her home where she is self-isolating from her family to protect them.

As an Arab American, she says, it has been wonderful to be able to give back to the country and the state where she grew up, but she also emphasises the contributions of all health workers regardless of their origin. “Being Arab American is a bonus, it’s wonderful, but I do want to say that the nurses I work with, no matter their nationality or ethnicity, we are all in this together.”

She considers herself one of the lucky ones as her hospital has not faced shortages of gowns, ventilators and other essential equipment.

Not far from the Detroit suburb where Ms Fakhouri works, Belal Abdallah, a longtime doctor in the community in Michigan, says Arab-Americans have been coming together and volunteering services to help those in need.

“The community has risen to the call during this pandemic, with people helping each other out with food delivery, transportation, shelter,” he told The National.

“I am also proud of the fact that most of the community understood the importance of social distancing,” he said, with all restaurants, cafes and salons complying Michigan Governor Gretchen Whitmer’s order to shut.

Dr Abdallah, who emigrated from Lebanon in 1973 and has been in practising medicine since 1995, is worried, however, about underlying medical conditions in the community as it faces the virus.

“We have many in the community with diabetes, hypertension or who smoke,” he said.

One of the cases he is involved in is of a Lebanese-American patient in his 40s suffering acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).

Dr Abdallah said he had been drawing up contingency plans since the first Covid-19 case landed in the US on January 15. “I created a plan to go virtual, and rolled out video with instructions later in March.”

The biggest challenge he says, “is determining which patients, whether young or old, are at risk for developing ARDS and respiratory failure and death”,

His hope is that, until a vaccine is developed, people behave “as if the virus is in the air, with everyone else potentially infected and perhaps asymptomatic”.