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What To Know About Moroccan Cuisine, A Rich and Diverse Food Culture

posted on: May 9, 2021

SOURCE: THE MANUAL

BY: MARK STOCK

The cuisine of Morocco is an almost mythical thing, built around postcard imagery of colorful spice markets and stew-like dishes patiently put together in tagines.

The above is quite true but there’s a lot more to the food of this North African nation. Morocco’s unique location, a wedge atop the northwest corner of the continent with tons of coastline, has made it a hot spot for trading for a long time. Close to Europe, the country is influenced by the culinary customs of both the Arab world and the Mediterranean. Think beef, lamb, couscous, olive oil, and fresh citrus, just to name a few of its facets.

Fouad Kallamni is the co-founder of Mina, a Moroccan food brand that specializes in sauces like harissa and shakshuka. “Food is everything in Morocco,” he says. “Most holidays revolve around food, whether it be Ramadan or Eid. Couscous on Fridays is a big tradition. Moroccan food is a crossroads between East and West. It was the last stop on the spice road in North Africa. There is also French and Spanish influence in the cuisine.”

History

What To Know About Moroccan Cuisine, A Rich and Diverse Food Culture

As Kallamni says, Morocco is situated very favorably from a culinary history standpoint. It’s long held a core position along the spice trade and a convenient spot for a mix of cultures, like Andalusian and Berber. The latter brought the world the tagine and is largely responsible for the slower style of cooking the country has become famous for.

The Arabs landed in Morocco around the 7th century and packed with them exotic spices from places like China and India. The Moors ended up here, too, dropping in from the Iberian peninsula of Spain. They brought some of the Mediterranean flair, in the form of things like olive oil and citrus. There are Turkish leanings too, especially by way of kebabs and the French ultimately turned the nation on to café culture and certain dessert items like pastries. In short, there’s hardly a more global kitchen than the one known as Morocco.

Signature Dishes

What To Know About Moroccan Cuisine, A Rich and Diverse Food Culture

Kallamni’s favorite dish from home is Moroccan chicken with preserved lemons and olives. “It’s rich and delicious with flavors like ginger, saffron, lemon and olives,” he says. “And the sauce is amazing. Sometimes we top it with French fries and everything is better with French fries.”

There are other staple dishes, of course. Kallamni mentions couscous first and foremost, alongside tagine recipes like his favorite dish, or fish and vegetables with chermoula, or even lamb with prunes and almonds. Also on the list, he suggests, are pastilla, mehcoui (roasted sucking lamb), kefta and kebab, shakshuka, and mezza salads. Those salads might include carrot salad, an eggplant-centric salad called zaalouk, potato salad, or tomato salad with roasted green pepper and onion.

There’s also a huge seafood influence as Morocco lies along both the Atlantic and Mediterranean. “There are many coastal cities with busy fishing ports,” Kallamni says. “Moroccan fish tagine is one of the most classic dishes. Seafood pastilla — a filo pie stuffed with fish, shrimp, and vermicelli — seasoned with chermoula. Fried fish, or simply grilled seaside is also very popular.”

In the pantry, a Moroccan cook ought to have olive oil, olives, harissa, preserved lemons, culinary argan oil, honey, amlou, spices, ras el hanout, saffron, cilantro, parsley, mint, louiza, sesame seeds, almonds, wheat, and semolina, he advises.

Additionally, there are ever-popular and traditional dishes like harira, a kind of chickpea and lentil soup. There are sweets, too, mainly in pastry form and made with almonds, sesame seeds, filo, and honey. “And you can’t forget our national drink, mint tea,” Kallamni says.

In the States

What To Know About Moroccan Cuisine, A Rich and Diverse Food Culture

Moroccans make up a relatively small percentage of the American population and gravitate especially to cities like New York, Boston, and Washington DC. There are fine eateries all over, however, from Marrakesh in Portland to Mekki DC in the capital. Kallamni likes Cafe Mogador in the Big Apple, indicating that they put together a quality tagine.

It’s not the easiest food to streamline and place into restaurant form. “Moroccan food isn’t simple,” he says. “Most dishes are low and slow, so it’s not the easiest cuisine for a restaurant to get right.”

If you can’t get out to a proper Moroccan restaurant or don’t have the wherewithal and time to put together a recipe at home, you can try something from Mina and throw it atop some grains, veggies, and protein. The results are quite delicious.

Recipes

Moroccan Fish Stew

What To Know About Moroccan Cuisine, A Rich and Diverse Food Culture
BBC

Here’s a great fish stew from via Bill Granger and BBC. It comes alive thanks to a pleasant mix of warm spices as well as a subtle kick from ginger and cayenne pepper.

Ingredients

  • 1 tbsp olive oil
  • 1 large onion, thinly sliced
  • 1 garlic clove, crushed
  • 2 tsp grated fresh ginger
  • 1 tsp ground cumin
  • 1 tsp turmeric
  • 1 cinnamon stick
  • pinch cayenne pepper
  • 400g/14oz can chopped plum tomatoes
  • pinch salt
  • 1 lb 2 oz firm white fish fillets (cod, snapper or ling) cut into chunks
  • 14oz can chickpeas, rinsed and drained
  • 2 tsp honey
  • salt and freshly ground black pepper

Method

  1. Heat the olive oil in a large heavy-based pan over a medium heat. Add the onion and cook, stirring occasionally, for five minutes, or until the onion is translucent.
  2. Add the garlic, ginger, cumin, turmeric and cinnamon stick and cook for two minutes, stirring regularly.
  3. Add the cayenne pepper, tomatoes, salt and 9oz of water and cook, stirring frequently, for ten minutes.
  4. Add the fish and simmer for five minutes, or until the fish is almost cooked through and tender.
  5. Add the chickpeas and honey and cook for a further 2-3 minutes, then season, to taste, with salt and freshly ground black pepper.
  6. To serve, spoon out the tagine into bowls and garnish with fresh coriander leaves and flaked almonds.

Veg Tagine

What To Know About Moroccan Cuisine, A Rich and Diverse Food Culture

Jamie Oliver is always reliable when it comes to worldly and healthy cuisine. Here’s a tasty tagine built around flavorful vegetables.

Ingredients

  • 1 pinch of saffron
  • 4 cloves of garlic
  • 1.5-inch piece of ginger
  • olive oil
  • 1 teaspoon ground cumin
  • .5 teaspoon ground cinnamon
  • 1 teaspoon ras el hanout
  • 1 tablespoon sun-dried tomato paste
  • 5.5 lbs mixed vegetables such as aubergines, courgettes, carrots, cherry tomatoes, red onion, butternut squash, and peppers
  • 1 can of chickpeas
  • 3.5 oz dried apricots
  • 1 preserved lemon
  • 10.5 oz couscous
  • ½ a bunch of mixed fresh herbs , such as dill, mint, flat-leaf parsley (15g)
  • 20 g flaked almonds

Method

  1. Put the saffron into a jug, cover with 2 cups of boiling water and leave to infuse.
  2. Meanwhile, peel and finely slice the garlic and ginger, then place in a large casserole pan over a medium heat with 2 tablespoons of oil, the cumin, cinnamon and ras el hanout.
  3. Add the tomato paste, fry for a few minutes, stirring regularly, then pour over the saffron water. Trim and prep the veg, as necessary, then chop into large chunks, adding them to the pan as you go.
  4. Tip in the chickpeas (juices and all), roughly chop and add the apricots and preserved lemon, discarding any pips, then season with sea salt and black pepper.
  5. Bring to a boil, cover, reduce the heat to low, and simmer for 45 minutes, or until tender, stirring occasionally.
  6. When the veggies are almost tender, just cover the couscous with boiling water, season with salt and pepper and pop a plate on top. Leave for 10 minutes, then fluff and fork up.
  7. Pick the herb leaves and toast the almonds. Serve the tagine and couscous sprinkled with the almonds and herbs. Delicious served with harissa rippled yoghurt.