Test Your Knowledge
By Habeeb Salloum: Arab America Contributing Writer
Arabic Contributions to the English Vocabulary
- English has borrowed words from many languages. According to the Skeats Etymological Dictionary, in the order of borrowing from other languages, the Arabic language comes in:
- Many Arabic words entered English through other languages. The Arabic word nā’ib became the English word nabob, but it entered English through:
- Nārang, a Persian word, entered Arabic then was passed on to English to become orange through:
- Arabic words entered English, in the majority of cases, through:
- English is still, at present, borrowing Arabic words. Which of the following words has English borrowed during the past few decades?
- The Arabic loan-words are only one aspect of the Arabic impact on English. In addition, there are numerous English words which are a literal translation of the Arabic. Sine is the English version of:
- The Persian word kārwān was transmitted through Arabic by way of Sicily into the European languages and became the English word:
- There are a number of Arab mathematicians who influenced and revolutionized mathematics in Europe. The greatest of these mathematicians was:
- Jābir ibn Aflaḥ
- Masluma al-Majrīṭī
Muslin, an English name for a cotton fabric, is derived from the Arabic:
- Mawṣil (Mosul)
- Coffee, from the Arabic qahwa, entered English:
- before the 10th century
- before the 15th century
- after the 15th century
- Numerous placenames entered English from Arabic. Which of he following is derived from Arabic?
- Gibraltar gets its name from which one of these historic figures?
- Ibn Gibra’īl
- Ibn Jubayr
- Ṭāriq ibn Ziyād
- The English words cipher and zero come from the Arabic:
- From Damascus, the oldest continually inhabited city in the world, English derives a name for a:
- Which of the following animals gets its name from Arabic?
- Mocha, an excellent type of coffee, is named after a city in:
- Saudi Arabia
- From the Arabic, al-zahr, we get one of the following English words:
- Mummy came into English from:
- Ancient Egyptian
- The word, Rubaiyat, which Fitzgerald made famous, originates from:
- The English words mask and mascara are both derived form the Arabic word:
- Alhambra, a common name for restaurants and theatres found throughout the English-speaking world, is originally from the Arabic word:
- Which one of the following languages has an Arabic name?
- The game of chess was introduced into Europe by the Arabs through which of the following areas?
- The words alchemy and chemistry entered English from Arabic but were originally from:
- Ancient Egyptian
- An old Egyptian city from which the English name for the fabric fustian is derived is:
- Gauze, an English name for a type of fabric, is derived from the name of a city in:
- The English words fanfare and fanfaron are derived from the Arabic word:
- A vegetable brought back to Europe from Palestine during the Crusades and whose name was introduced into the English language at that time is:
- Some English personal names originate from Arabic. Which one of these names is from Arabic?
- Many English names for chemicals and minerals are derived from Arabic. Which of the following is of Arabic origin?
Answers to Test Your Knowledge